Boise City Idaho CDL Testing

Truck Driver Training Boise City

Click to call us now: (208) 867-7972

Boise City Idaho CDL driver’s training in Boise

We are centrally located in Boise and very easy to find. Depending on the training you’re looking for we can take you as far as Horseshoe Bend Hill which is great for learning how to pull a grade and how to go down a grade.

We will work on the skills you need as a driver and not focus on the skills you already have down. We don’t want to waste your time and money training on skills you already know. No, in contrast, we’ll help you get the best (and most) training for your dollar and focus only where you actually need help.

Our instructors are great evaluators, listeners, and they will be able to tell in which areas you need the most training. Remember, we’re on your side, and our goal is to train you in the most efficient (and safe) manner to help you rapidly obtain your CDL License.

In, general, our main goal is to help you to become safe and knowledgeable driver – and of course – to be able to pass the Boise City Idaho CDL skills test the first time around!

https://youtu.be/CN4GzQkIHLE

Training

You Bet!

Training on site.

Need behind the wheel training? We can train you right here on site at our facility.

Skilled?

Of Course...

Idaho's Best!

Our drivers are fully certified and many are evem Idaho Law Enforcement officers.

Testing?

Yes We Do

We test on site!

We’re a certified Idaho State CDL Testing Facility. Test here when you’re ready.

On Site Boise City Idaho CDL Testing

When you’re ready and trained up for your testing – we’ll be here ready to give you your Boise City Idaho CDL State Approved Test. Click this link to see our current prices for Idaho CDL training and testing and/or semi-truck rental costs for CDL training.

If you do not have your own truck for testing, then we have an affordable flat fee to rent our Class A and B Trucks that we have on site. The truck is a single axle 10 speed transmission with a 26′ box van single axle trailer.

Our test location is located in Boise at Orchard and Diamond Street right next to the ITD maintenance yard and the test site is next to the ITD salt storage shed in the same lot.

Idaho CDL Testing Resources and Driver Training Videos:

Idaho CDL Truck Driving School Boise Nampa Meridian

Idaho CDL Handbook

Click here or on the image above to download the official Idaho Commercial Driver’s License Handbook.

Idaho CDL Truck Driving School Boise Nampa Meridian

How to perform a CDL Pre-Trip

Click here or on the image above to watch the video “How to perform a CDL Pre-Trip.”.

Idaho CDL Truck Driving School Boise Nampa Meridian

Ten easy steps to your CDL

Click here or on the image above to download “Ten Easy Steps to your CDL.”

Idaho CDL Truck Driving School Boise Nampa Meridian

DOT Medical Card Reporting Requirements

Click here or on the image above to download DOT medical card reporting requirements.

Idaho CDL Truck Driving School Boise Nampa Meridian

Trucking.Idaho.Gov Official Website

Click here or on the image above to go to the official Idaho Trucking Website.

Idaho CDL Truck Driving School Boise Nampa Meridian

Idaho CDL Hazardous Material Fact Sheet

Click here or on the image above to download “Idaho CDL Hazardous Material Fact Sheet.”

What is a CDL Permit?

https://youtu.be/BK4jzFXHmuI

Who needs a CDL permit?

https://youtu.be/pSCNoip7_fk

What is the CDL Skills Test?

https://youtu.be/wnekpJfYWLA

Who needs a Class A CDL?

https://youtu.be/Nro2lZP_VmI

Who needs a Class B CDL?

https://youtu.be/5OvGAEEbf2k

Who needs a Class C CDL?

https://youtu.be/ONGEOS_8ZB4

10-Speed Shifting – A Visual Guide

https://youtu.be/zWD9A8QvR0I

The Best 10-Speed Shifting Tips

https://youtu.be/z6AKaBeRNU8

10-Speed Shifting Diagram

https://youtu.be/M2SDwx_b3Pw

Alley Dock Maneuver – Mini Class

https://youtu.be/PqLEdFbCQa0

Air Brake – Slack Adjuster – Break Lining

https://youtu.be/rwV5RBd7Lyg

Break System – The Air Compressor

https://youtu.be/dukkDCWR0yQ

Learn about the Air Break System

https://youtu.be/StUw-5S5wmc

Class B Pre-Trip Inspection

https://youtu.be/cZFkWVEymcc

Straight Back Tractor Trailer Video

https://youtu.be/TiSiP9HLfxA

Making Turns in a Tractor Trailer

https://youtu.be/FCGw1Qu3sss

Parallel Parking Maneuver – Mini Class

https://youtu.be/7hQH2K7SnXc

Offset Backing Maneuver – Mini Class

https://youtu.be/0u25cTDYEoQ

Basic communication in your vehicle

https://youtu.be/6mP7Ph2WjoI

Basic control and seeing in your vehicle

https://youtu.be/ESO7keGHjm8

Basic control and speed of your vehicle

https://youtu.be/Z4KIoAn8ObI
Idaho CDL Truck Driving School Boise Nampa Meridian

Get paid to see America!

When it comes right down to it – trucking is an absolutely fun and rewarding career. It’s not every day get to see our beautiful country and get paid to explore it.

Idaho CDL Truck Driving School Boise Nampa Meridian

Ladies – Get certified today!

It’s true – you’ve seen it for yourself that there are more and more female truckers on the roads. Each day, more and more women are getting their CDL credentials.

Idaho CDL Truck Driving School Boise Nampa Meridian

Get Started – Call us today – Let’s go!

The biggest factor that reaches out and steals dreams – is procrastination! Don’t let it happen to you, give us a call and see how easy it is to get certified with us today.

Idaho CDL Training

CDL Testing Idaho

http://www.idahocdltesting.com

http://www.dmv.org/id-idaho/cdl-faqs.php

https://trucking.idaho.gov/

Idaho CDL Training Boise City

Boise City CDL Training

Boise City Truck Driving School

Local Boise City CDL Training

Local Truck Driving School Boise City

CDL Testing Boise City

Boise City CDL Testing

and Basic Information ………………………………………………………… 1-1
1.0 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-1
1.0.1 Commercial Vehicle Defined ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-1
1.0.2 Commercial Vehicle Exemptions …………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-2
1.0.3 Commercial License Types ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-3
1.0.4 Commercial License Endorsements ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-3
1.0.5 Commercial License Restrictions ………………………………………………………………………………………… 1-4
1.0.6 Seasonal CDL for Farm-Related Services ……………………………………………………………………………….. 1-5
1.1 Commercial Driver License Tests ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-6
1.1.1 Knowledge Tests and License Classes …………………………………………………………………………………… 1-6
1.1.2 Skills Tests ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1-6
1.2 Self-Certification & Medical Requirements ………………………………………………………………………………… 1-6
1.2.1 Interstate or Intrastate Commerce ……………………………………………………………………………………… 1-7
1.2.2 Inter/Intrastate Commerce: Status Non-excepted or Excepted? …………………………………………….. 1-7
1.2.3 Self-Certification Statements ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-8
1.2.4 Medical Requirements for CDL Holders …………………………………………………………………………………. 1-8
1.2.5 Submit Medical Examiner’s Certificate to ITD ………………………………………………………………………. 1-9
1.2.6 Medical Qualifications for Drivers ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-9
1.2.7 National Registry of Medical Examiners ……………………………………………………………………………….. 1-10
1.2.8 Medical Card Exemptions for Commercial Driver Qualifications ……………………………………………. 1-10
1.2.9 Exempt Commodities List- Idaho ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-11
1.2.10 Exempt Operations ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1-11
1.3 CDL Disqualifications …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-12
1.3.1 General …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1-12
1.3.2 Alcohol, Leaving the Scene of an Accident, and Commission of a Felony ……………………………….. 1-12
1.3.3 Serious Traffic Violations …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-13
1.3.4 Violation of Out-of-Service Orders ……………………………………………………………………………………. 1-13
1.3.5 Railroad-Highway/Grade Crossing Violations ……………………………………………………………………….. 1-13
1.3.6 Hazardous Materials Endorsement Background Check and Disqualifications …………………………… 1-14
1.3.7 Traffic Violations in Your Personal Vehicle …………………………………………………………………………. 1-14
1.4 Other CDL Rules …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-14
1.5 International Registration Plan ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-15
1.5.1 International Fuel Tax Agreement ……………………………………………………………………………………… 1-15
1.6 CDL License Fees ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-18
ii
1.7 How to Get A CDL ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-18
1.7.1 General Commercial Driver Qualifications: …………………………………………………………………………. 1-20
1.7.2 Foreign Commercial Driver’s License (if applicable) ………………………………………………………………. 1-21
1.7.3 Commercial Learner’s Permit ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-21
1.7.4 CDL Knowledge and Skills Tests …………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-23
1.7.5 Skills Test Restrictions ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-24
1.7.6 Skills Test Vehicle & Requirements ……………………………………………………………………………………. 1-24
1.8 CSA Information (Compliance Safety Accountability) …………………………………………………………………… 1-24
1.9 Keeping Your Address Current ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1-25
1.10 Central Issue of Driver’s Licenses …………………………………………………………………………………………… 1-26
1.11 Administrative License Suspensions (ALS) ……………………………………………………………………………… 1-26
1.12 Drug and Alcohol Testing ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1-27
1.13 Driver Record Requests ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1-27
Figure 1.4 Sample Idaho Motor Vehicle Driver’s License Record Request ………………………………………. 1-28
Chapter 2 : Driving Safely …………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-1
2.1 Vehicle Inspection …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-1
2.1.1 Why Inspect ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-1
2.1.2 Types of Vehicle Inspection ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-1
2.1.3 What to Look For ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-2
Figure 2.1 illustrates a typical steering system ……………………………………………………………………………….. 2-2
Figure 2.2 Key Suspension Parts ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-3
Figure 2.3 Broken Leaf Spring ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-3
Figure 2.4 Air Suspension Parts …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-3
2.1.4 CDL Pre-Trip Vehicle Inspection Test ……………………………………………………………………………………. 2-4
2.1.5 Seven-step Inspection Method ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-4
Figure 2.5 Oil Pressure …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-5
2.1.6 – Inspection during a Trip …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-9
2.1.7 – Post-trip (After Trip) Inspection and Report…………………………………………………………………………. 2-9
2.2 Basic Control of Your Vehicle ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-10
2.2.1 Accelerating …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-10
2.2.2 Steering ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-10
2.2.3 Stopping …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-11
2.2.4 – Backing Safely ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-11
2.3 Shifting Gears ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-11
2.3.1 Manual Transmissions ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-11
iii
2.3.2 Multi-speed Rear Axles and Auxiliary Transmissions ……………………………………………………………. 2-12
2.3.3 Automatic Transmissions ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-12
2.3.4 Retarders (also called Jake Brakes) …………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-12
2.4 Seeing ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-13
2.4.1 Seeing Ahead ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-13
Figure 2.6 Judging Distance ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-13
2.4.2 Seeing to the Sides and Rear ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-14
Figure 2.7 Convex Mirrors …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-15
2.5 Communicating …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-15
2.5.1 Signal Your Intentions ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-15
2.5.2 – Communicating Your Presence…………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-16
Figure 2.9 Where to Place Triangles …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-16
Figure 2.10 Obstructed View Triangle placement ………………………………………………………………………….. 2-17
2.6 Controlling Speed ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-17
2.6.1 Stopping Distance ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-17
Figure 2.11 Total Stopping Distance …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-18
2.6.2 Matching Speed to Road Surface ………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-18
2.6.3 Speed and Curves ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-19
2.6.4 Speed and Distance Ahead ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-19
2.6.5 Speed and Traffic Flow …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-19
2.6.6 Speed on Downgrades ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-20
2.6.7 Roadway Work Zones ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-20
2.7 Managing Space ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-20
2.7.1 Space Ahead……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-21
Figure 2.12 Following Distance ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-21
2.7.2 Space Behind …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-21
2.7.3 Space to the Sides ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-22
2.7.4 Space Overhead ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-22
2.7.5 Space Below ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-22
2.7.6 Space for Turns ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-23
Figure 2.13 Correct Execution of Right Turn …………………………………………………………………………………. 2-23
Figure 2.14 Correct Execution of Left Turn …………………………………………………………………………………… 2-23
2.7.7 Space Needed to Cross or Enter Traffic ………………………………………………………………………………. 2-24
2.8 Seeing Hazards ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-24
2.8.1 Importance of Seeing Hazards …………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-24
iv
2.8.2 Hazardous Roads …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-24
2.8.3 Drivers Who Are Hazards …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-25
2.8.4 Always Have a Plan ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-27
2.9 Distracted Driving ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-27
2.9.1 The Distracted Driving Crash Problem ………………………………………………………………………………… 2-28
2.9.2 Effects of Distracted Driving ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-28
2.9.3 Types of Distractions ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-28
2.9.4 Cell/Mobile Phones ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-28
2.9.5 Texting ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-29
2.9.6 Don’t Drive Distracted ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-30
2.9.7 – Watch for Other Distracted Drivers …………………………………………………………………………………… 2-31
2.10 Aggressive Drivers/Road Rage ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-31
2.10.1 What Is It? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-31
2.10.2 Don’t Be an Aggressive Driver …………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-31
2.10.3 What You Should Do When Confronted by an Aggressive Driver ………………………………………….. 2-32
2.11 Driving at Night ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-32
2.11.1 It Is More Dangerous ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-32
2.11.2 Driver Factors ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-32
2.11.3 Roadway Factors ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-34
2.11.4 Vehicle Factors ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-35
2.11.5 Night Driving Procedures ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-35
2.12 Driving in Fog …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-36
2.13 Driving in Winter …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-36
2.13.1 Vehicle Checks ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-36
2.13.2 Driving Tips for Winter ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-37
2.14 Driving in Very Hot Weather ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-38
2.14.1 Vehicle Checks ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-38
2.14.2 Driving Tips for Hot Weather …………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-39
2.15 Railroad-highway Crossings …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-39
2.15.1 Types of Crossings ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-39
2.15.2 Warning Signs and Devices ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-39
Figure 2.15: Advance Warning Railroad Sign ………………………………………………………………………………… 2-39
Figure 2.16 Railroad Crossing Pavement Markings ………………………………………………………………………… 2-40
Figure 2.17 Cross-buck Signs ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-40
Figure 2.18 Railroad Gates/Lights ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-41
v
2.15.3 Driving Procedures …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-41
2.15.4 Stopping Safely at Railroad- highway Crossings …………………………………………………………………. 2-41
2.15.5 Crossing the Tracks ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-41
2.15.6 Special Situations …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-42
2.16 Mountain Driving ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-42
2.16.1 Select a “Safe” Speed ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-42
2.16.2 Select the Right Gear before Starting Down the Grade ………………………………………………………. 2-43
2.16.3 Brake Fading or Failure …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-43
2.16.4 Proper Braking Technique ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-43
2.17 Driving Emergencies …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-44
2.17.1 Steering to Avoid a Crash ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-44
2.17.2 How to Stop Quickly and Safely ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-45
2.17.3 Brake Failure ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-46
2.17.4 Tire Failure ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-46
2.18 Antilock Braking Systems (ABS) ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-47
2.18.1 How Antilock Braking Systems Work ………………………………………………………………………………… 2-47
2.18.2 Vehicles Required to Have Antilock Braking Systems …………………………………………………………… 2-47
2.18.3 How to Know If Your Vehicle Is Equipped with ABS ……………………………………………………………… 2-47
2.18.4 How ABS Helps You ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-48
2.18.5 ABS on the Tractor Only or Only on the Trailer …………………………………………………………………… 2-48
2.18.6 Braking with ABS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-49
2.18.7 Braking If ABS Is Not Working …………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-49
2.18.8 Safety Reminders …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-49
2.19 Skid Control and Recovery …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-49
2.19.1 Drive-wheel Skids …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-50
2.19.2 Correcting a Drive-wheel Braking Skid ………………………………………………………………………………. 2-50
2.19.3 Front-wheel Skids ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-50
2.20 Accident Procedures …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-51
2.20.1 Protect the Area …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-51
2.20.2 Notify Authorities ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-51
2.20.3 Care for the Injured ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-51
2.21 Fires …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-51
2.21.1 Causes of Fire ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-52
2.21.2 Fire Prevention ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-52
2.21.3 Fire Fighting ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-52
vi
2.22 Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Driving ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-54
2.22.1 Alcohol and Driving ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-54
2.22.2 Other Drugs …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-56
2.22.3 Illness …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-56
2.23 Hazardous Materials Rules For All Commercial Drivers ……………………………………………………………… 2-56
2.23.1 What Are Hazardous Materials? ………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-56
2.23.2 Why Are There Rules? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-56
Figure 2.24 Hazardous Materials …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2-57
2.23.3 Lists of Regulated Products ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-57
Figure 2.25 Hazardous Materials Placards ………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-57
Chapter 3 : Transporting Cargo Safely ……………………………………………………………………… 3-1
3.1 Inspecting Cargo ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3-1
3.2 Weight and Balance………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3-1
3.2.1 Definitions You Should Know ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3-1
3.2.2 Legal Weight Limits ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3-2
3.2.3 Don’t Be Top-heavy …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3-2
3.2.4 Balance the Weight …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3-2
3.3.1 Blocking and Bracing ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3-3
3.3.2 Cargo Tie-down ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3-3
Figure 3.2 Tie Down Devices …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3-3
3.3.3 Header Boards ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3-4
3.3.4 Covering Cargo ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3-4
3.3.5 Sealed and Containerized Loads …………………………………………………………………………………………… 3-4
3.4 Cargo Needing Special Attention ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3-4
3.4.1 Dry Bulk ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3-4
3.4.2 Hanging Meat……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3-5
3.4.3 Livestock ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3-5
3.4.4 Oversized Loads ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3-5
Chapter 4 : Transporting Passengers Safely ……………………………………………………………… 4-1
Figure 4.0 Class A Passenger Bus …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4-1
4.1 Vehicle Inspection …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4-1
4.1.1 Vehicle Systems ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-1
4.1.2 Access Doors and Panels…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-1
4.1.3 Bus Interior ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4-2
4.1.4 Roof Hatches …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-2
vii
4.1.5 Use Your Seatbelt! …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-2
4.2 Loading And Trip Start ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4-2
4.2.1 Hazardous Materials ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-2
4.2.2 Forbidden Hazardous Materials ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-2
4.2.3 Standee Line……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4-3
4.2.4 At Your Destination ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4-3
4.3 On The Road …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4-3
4.3.1 Passenger Supervision ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-3
4.3.2 Stops ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-3
4.3.3 Common Accidents ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4-4
4.3.4 Speed on Curves ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-4
4.3.5 Railroad-highway Crossings ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4-4
4.3.6 Drawbridges ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4-4
4.4 Post-Trip (After Trip) Vehicle Inspection …………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-4
4.5 Prohibited Practices …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4-5
4.6 Use of Brake-Door Interlocks ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4-5
Chapter 5 : Air Brakes …………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-1
5.1 The Parts of an Air Brake System ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-1
5.1.1 Air Compressor …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-1
5.1.2 Air Compressor Governor …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-1
5.1.3 Air Storage Tanks ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-1
5.1.4 Air Tank Drains ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-2
5.1.5 Alcohol Evaporator ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-2
5.1.6 Safety Valve ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-2
5.1.7 The Brake Pedal ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-2
5.1.8 Foundation Brakes …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-3
5.1.9 Supply Pressure Gauges ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-4
5.1.10 Application Pressure Gauge ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-4
5.1.11 Low Air Pressure Warning ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-4
5.1.12 Stop Light Switch …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-5
5.1.13 Front Brake Limiting Valve ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-5
5.1.14 Spring Brakes ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-5
5.1.15 Parking Brake Controls …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-6
Figure 5.3 TPV and Brake Operation ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-7
5.1.16 Antilock Braking Systems (ABS) …………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-7
viii
5.2 Dual Air Brake …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-9
5.3 Inspecting Air Brake Systems ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-9
5.3.1 During Step 2: Engine Compartment Checks …………………………………………………………………………. 5-9
5.3.2 During Step 5: Walk-around Inspection ……………………………………………………………………………….. 5-9
5.3.3 During Step 7: Final Air Brake Check …………………………………………………………………………………. 5-10
5.4 Using Air Brakes ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-12
5.4.1 Normal Stops ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-12
5.4.2 Braking with Antilock Brakes …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-12
5.4.3 Emergency Stops……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-13
5.4.4 Stopping Distance ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-13
Figure 5.6 Stopping Distance ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-14
5.4.5 Brake Fading or Failure ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-14
5.4.6 Proper Braking Technique ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-14
5.4.7 Low Air Pressure ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5-15
5.4.8 Parking Brakes…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-15
Chapter 6 : Combination Vehicles …………………………………………………………………………… 6-1
6.1 Driving Combination Vehicles Safely ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6-1
6.1.1 Rollover Risks ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6-1
6.1.2 Steer Gently ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6-1
6.1.3 Brake Early ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6-2
6.1.4 Railroad-highway Crossings ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6-2
6.1.5 Prevent Trailer Skids ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6-2
6.1.6 Turn Wide For Off-Tracking ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6-3
Figure 6.3 Offtracking ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6-3
6.1.7 Backing with a Trailer…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6-4
6.2 Combination Vehicle Air Brakes ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6-5
6.2.1 Trailer Hand Valve ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6-5
6.2.2 Tractor Protection Valve …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6-6
6.2.3 Trailer Air Supply Control ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6-6
6.2.4 Trailer Air Lines …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6-6
6.2.5 Hose Couplers (Glad Hands) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6-7
6.2.6 Trailer Air Tanks ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6-8
6.2.7 Shut-off Valves ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6-8
6.2.8 Trailer Service, Parking, and Emergency Brakes ……………………………………………………………………… 6-8
6.3 Antilock Brake Systems ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6-9
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6.3.1 Trailers Required to Have ABS …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6-9
6.3.2 Braking with ABS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6-9
6.4 Coupling and Uncoupling ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6-10
6.4.1 Coupling Tractor-Semitrailers ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 6-10
6.4.2 Uncoupling Tractor-Semitrailers ………………………………………………………………………………………… 6-14
6.5 Inspecting a Combination Vehicle ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 6-16
6.5.1 Additional Things to Check During a Walk-Around Inspection ………………………………………………. 6-16
6.5.2 Combination Vehicle Brake Check ……………………………………………………………………………………… 6-17
Chapter 7 : Doubles and Triples ……………………………………………………………………………… 7-1
7.1 Pulling Double/Triple Trailers ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7-1
7.1.1 Prevent Trailer from Rolling Over ………………………………………………………………………………………… 7-1
7.1.2 Beware of the Crack-the-Whip Effect …………………………………………………………………………………… 7-1
7.1.3 Inspect Completely ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7-1
7.1.4 Look Far Ahead …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7-1
7.1.5 Manage Space …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7-1
7.1.6 Adverse Conditions ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7-1
7.1.7 Parking the Vehicle ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7-1
7.1.8 Antilock Braking Systems on Converter Dollies …………………………………………………………………. 7-1
7.2 Coupling and Uncoupling …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7-1
7.2.1 Coupling Twin Trailers ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7-2
7.2.2 Uncoupling Twin Trailers ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7-4
7.2.3 Coupling and Uncoupling Triple Trailers ……………………………………………………………………………….. 7-4
7.2.4 Coupling & Uncoupling Other Combinations ………………………………………………………………………… 7-5
7.3 Inspecting Doubles And Triples …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7-5
7.3.1 Additional Checks ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7-5
7.3.2 Additional Things to Check During a Walk-Around Inspection ………………………………………………… 7-6
7.4 Doubles/Triples Air Brake Check ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7-6
7.4.1 Additional Air Brake Checks ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7-6
7.5 Long Commercial Vehicles Certification ………………………………………………………………………………………. 7-7
Chapter 8 : Tank Vehicles………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-1
8.1 Inspecting Tank Vehicles ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8-1
8.1.1 Leaks ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8-1
8.1.2 Check Special Purpose Equipment ………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-1
8.1.3 Special Equipment …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8-2
8.2 Driving Tank Vehicles ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8-2
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8.2.1 High Center of Gravity ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8-2
8.2.2 Danger of Surge ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8-2
8.2.3 Bulkheads …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-2
8.2.4 Baffled Tanks …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8-3
8.2.5 Un-baffled Tanks ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8-3
8.2.6 Outage……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8-3
8.2.7 How Much to Load? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8-3
8.3 Safe Driving Rules ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-3
8.3.1 Drive Smoothly …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-3
8.3.2 Controlling Surge ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-4
8.3.3 Curves ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8-4
8.3.4 Stopping Distance ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8-4
8.3.5 Skids ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8-4
Chapter 9 : Hazardous Materials …………………………………………………………………………….. 9-1
9.0 Hazmat Endorsement ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-1
Application Process: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-1
9.0.1 Pre-Enrollment ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-2
9.0.2 Fingerprinting……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-2
9.0.3 Determination of Security Threat ………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-2
9.0.4 Knowledge Testing …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-3
9.0.5 Renewals and Extensions ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-3
9.0.6 Issuance or Denial of Hazardous Materials Endorsements ……………………………………………………….. 9-3
9.0.7 Introduction to Hazardous materials ……………………………………………………………………………………. 9-3
9.1 The Intent of the Regulations ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-4
9.1.1 Contain the Material ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-4
9.1.2 Communicate the Risk ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-5
9.1.3 Assure Safe Drivers and Equipment …………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-5
9.2 Hazardous Materials Transportation: Who Does What? …………………………………………………………….. 9-5
9.2.1 The Shipper ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-5
9.2.2 The Carrier ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-5
9.2.3 The Driver ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-6
9.3 Communication Rules ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-7
9.3.1 Definitions …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-7
9.3.2 Package Labels ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-8
9.3.3 Lists of Regulated Products ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-8
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9.3.4 The Shipping Paper ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-11
9.3.5 The Item Description ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-11
9.3.6 Shipper’s Certification ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-13
9.3.7 Package Markings and Labels ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-13
9.3.8 Recognizing Hazardous Materials ……………………………………………………………………………………… 9-13
9.3.9 Hazardous Waste Manifest ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-14
9.3.10 Placarding …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-14
9.3.11 Placard Tables ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-14
9.4 Loading and Unloading …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-16
9.4.1 General Loading Requirements …………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-16
9.5 Bulk Packaging Marking, Loading and Unloading ………………………………………………………………………… 9-20
9.5.1 Markings ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-20
9.5.2 Tank Loading …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-21
9.5.3 Flammable Liquids …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-21
9.5.4 Compressed Gas ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-21
9.6 Hazardous Materials — Driving and Parking Rules ……………………………………………………………………….. 9-22
9.6.1 Parking with Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 Explosives …………………………………………………………………… 9-22
9.6.2 Parking a Placarded Vehicle (Not Transporting Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 Explosives) …………………. 9-22
9.6.3 Attending Parked Vehicles ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-22
9.6.4 No Flares! ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-22
9.6.5 Route Restrictions ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-22
9.6.6 No Smoking …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-23
9.6.7 Refuel with Engine Off ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-23
9.6.8 10 B:C Fire Extinguisher ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-23
9.6.9 Check Tires ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-23
9.6.10 Where to Keep Shipping Papers and Emergency Response Information ……………………………….. 9-24
9.6.11 Equipment for Chlorine ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-24
9.6.12 Stop Before Railroad Crossings ………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-24
9.7 Hazardous Materials -Emergencies …………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-25
9.7.1 Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) ……………………………………………………………………………… 9-25
9.7.2 Crashes/Incidents ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9-25
9.7.3 Fires ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-25
9.7.4 Responses to Specific Hazards …………………………………………………………………………………………… 9-26
9.7.5 Required Notification ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-27
9.8 Hazardous Material Glossary …………………………………………………………………………………………………….